Empowering South African Educators: A Guide to the New Competency Framework

In an era characterized by rapid technological advancements and shifting societal needs, South African education is at a pivotal juncture. The Department of Basic Education’s national Curriculum Strengthening initiative, through the draft Competency Framework, sets forth a transformative vision aimed at enhancing the quality, relevance, and alignment of teaching and learning practices across the nation’s schools.

Framework Overview

The Competency Framework is designed to realign educational priorities, ensuring that learners not only acquire essential knowledge but also develop the skills, attitudes, and values necessary to thrive in a dynamic global landscape. This framework emerges from a collaborative, research-informed process involving extensive stakeholder engagement, highlighting a commitment to a comprehensive educational reform.

Key Components of the Competency Framework

  1. Knowledge: The foundation of the framework underscores the importance of subject-specific knowledge alongside the development of competencies crucial for navigating the complexities of the contemporary world. The curriculum aims to streamline content across disciplines, ensuring coherence, relevance, and a focus on core concepts to facilitate deep learning and applicability in various contexts.
  2. Skills: Emphasizing both foundational skills (literacy, numeracy, digital literacy) and transversal skills (critical thinking, creativity, collaboration, communication, metacognition), the framework seeks to equip learners with the capabilities to effectively apply knowledge, engage in lifelong learning, and adapt to changing demands.
  3. Character & Attitudes: The framework acknowledges the role of social-emotional skills in personal and academic success. Attributes such as adaptability, accountability, a growth mindset, resilience, and curiosity are identified as critical for personal development and societal engagement.
  4. Values: At the heart of the framework lies a strong emphasis on values that reflect South Africa’s democratic ethos and cultural heritage. Democracy, social justice, equity, non-racism, non-sexism, and Ubuntu (human dignity) are central, aiming to foster a sense of shared identity, mutual respect, and civic responsibility.

Implementation Strategies

To realize the framework’s objectives, a multi-faceted approach focusing on curriculum policy, teacher development, assessment practices, and learning materials is proposed. This includes:

  • Integrating competencies into curriculum content and teaching strategies.
  • Employing assessments that not only measure knowledge acquisition but also the development of skills and attitudes.
  • Providing educators with resources and training to facilitate pedagogies that support holistic learner development.
  • Ensuring learning materials reflect and promote the framework’s values and competencies.

Inviting Dialogue and Further Development

The Competency Framework is positioned as a starting point for a broader conversation about the future of education in South Africa. Stakeholders are encouraged to engage in dialogue, contributing to the ongoing refinement and implementation of the framework. This participatory process underscores the collective responsibility in shaping an educational system that is responsive, inclusive, and forward-looking.


The Competency Framework represents a bold step towards reimagining education in South Africa. By aligning educational practices with the demands of the 21st century, it aims to empower learners with the knowledge, skills, and values necessary for personal fulfillment and active citizenship. For educators, this framework provides a blueprint for nurturing well-rounded, competent, and socially responsible individuals, ensuring that South Africa’s youth are well-equipped to contribute meaningfully to their communities and the wider world.

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