English FAL Matric Revision: Writing a statement, summary, narrative essay, argumentative essay,

CAPS Grade 12 Mathematical Literacy – Essays and Summaries Revision Notes


In Grade 12 Mathematical Literacy, mastering essay and summary writing is essential. Strong writing skills help students communicate their understanding effectively and will be assessed frequently. Essays and summaries also prepare students for the final exam, contributing to overall performance.

Key Points

Writing a Statement

  1. Definition: A statement is a clear, concise sentence expressing a fact or opinion.
  2. Structure:
  3. Must be clear and to the point.
  4. Should not contain unnecessary words or complex language.
  5. Purpose: To inform or declare something clearly and succinctly.

Writing a Summary

  1. Definition: A summary condenses the main points of a text into a shorter form.
  2. Types: Paragraph-form and point-form summaries.
  3. Method:
  4. Paragraph-form: Write key points in full sentences, linked to form a cohesive paragraph.
  5. Point-form: List key points using bullet points without linking words.
  6. Practice: Convert notes or text into both forms to reinforce learning .

Writing a Narrative Essay

  1. Definition: A narrative essay tells a story with a clear sequence of events.
  2. Structure:
  3. Introduction: Presents the main idea and sets the scene.
  4. Body: Contains the main events, organized chronologically.
  5. Conclusion: Resolves the story and provides closure.
  6. Language Features:
  7. Use of descriptive language to create vivid images.
  8. First-person narrative to share personal experiences .

Writing an Argumentative Essay

  1. Definition: An argumentative essay presents the writer’s point of view and supports it with evidence.
  2. Structure:
  3. Introduction: States the writer’s position.
  4. Body: Each paragraph presents a separate argument supporting the viewpoint.
  5. Conclusion: Summarizes the arguments and restates the position clearly.
  6. Language Features:
  7. Use formal, emotive, and persuasive language.
  8. Use logical connectors like ‘however,’ ‘therefore,’ ‘because’ .

Real-World Applications

  • Writing a police statement: Clearly stating facts for legal purposes.
  • Summarizing reports: Condensing information for quick understanding in professional settings.
  • Narrative essays: Sharing experiences in personal essays, applications, or storytelling.
  • Argumentative essays: Constructing strong arguments in debates, opinion pieces, and persuasive writing.

Common Misconceptions and Errors

  1. Statements:
  2. Error: Including unnecessary information.
  3. Strategy: Focus on clarity and brevity.

  4. Summaries:

  5. Error: Overlooking important points or including too much detail.
  6. Strategy: Identify main ideas before writing, avoid over-explanation.

  7. Narrative Essays:

  8. Error: Disorganized events.
  9. Strategy: Plan events in chronological order, use transitional phrases.

  10. Argumentative Essays:

  11. Error: Weak arguments or lack of evidence.
  12. Strategy: Collect strong evidence, use logical connectors to link arguments.

Practice and Review

Practice Questions

  1. Write a summary of the given article in paragraph form.
  2. Create an outline for a narrative essay about your most memorable experience.
  3. Write an argumentative essay on the topic: “The effect of technology on education.”

Example Solutions

  1. Summary Example:
  2. Title: “What we can do about our waste”
  3. The waste dump initially appears colorful but reveals grim sights on closer inspection. Children sifting through waste are at risk of harm and sickness. Animals ingest the rubbish and water sources are polluted. Immediate action is necessary .

  4. Narrative Essay Outline Example:

  5. Introduction: “The day I won the science fair was unforgettable.”
  6. Body: Describe the preparation, the day of the event, announcement of winners.
  7. Conclusion: Reflect on how the experience influenced future goals.

  8. Argumentative Essay Example:

  9. Introduction: Technology significantly enhances learning (present thesis).
  10. Body:
    • Argument 1: Access to diverse educational resources.
    • Argument 2: Facilitates interactive learning.
    • Argument 3: Prepares students for a tech-driven world.
  11. Conclusion: Reiterate how technology’s benefits outweigh any potential drawbacks .

Connections and Extensions

  • Interdisciplinary Links:
  • History: Summarizing historical events for reports.
  • Science: Writing clear, concise lab reports.
  • Economics: Constructing arguments in essays about economic theories.

  • Real-World Implications:

  • Skills in summarizing and essay writing are critical in professions like journalism, law, and academia.

Summary and Quick Review

  • Key Points:
  • Understand the purpose and structure of statements, summaries, narrative, and argumentative essays.
  • Practice converting notes to summaries and outlining essays.
  • Focus on clarity, brevity, coherence, and logical flow.

  • Quick Reference:

  • Statements: Clear, concise, one-sentence expressions.
  • Summaries: Condensed main points in paragraph or point form.
  • Narrative Essays: Personalized stories with a clear structure.
  • Argumentative Essays: Structured arguments supporting a viewpoint .

Additional Resources

  • Online Articles and Videos: Visit educational platforms like Khan Academy for writing tutorials.
  • Books: Refer to comprehensive guides on English grammar and writing skills .

These revision notes focus on making the concept of essays and summary writing easily understandable and actionable for Grade 12 Mathematical Literacy learners. Stay organized, practice regularly, and utilize these strategies for success.

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