Grade 1 Additional Language (English) Lesson Plan: Vocabulary Building and Basic Sentences

Lesson Plan Title:

Grade 1 Additional Language (English) Lesson Plan: Vocabulary Building and Basic Sentences

Materials Needed:

  • Flashcards with vocabulary words and images
  • Whiteboard and markers
  • Worksheets with vocabulary practice and simple sentences
  • Colouring materials (crayons, pencils, markers)
  • Storybook (age-appropriate, relevant to the vocabulary)
  • Audio/Visual aids (smart board, if available)

Learning Objectives:

By the end of the lesson, students should be able to:
1. Identify and correctly pronounce five new vocabulary words.
2. Use these vocabulary words in simple sentences.
3. Demonstrate basic comprehension of the story read in class.


  1. Apple – A round fruit with red or green skin.
  2. Ball – A round object used in games.
  3. Cat – A small, furry animal that says “meow.”
  4. Dog – A furry animal that says “woof.”
  5. House – A building where people live.

Previous Learning:

Students have been introduced to colours, numbers, and basic greetings. They have practised simple phrases and engaged in listening activities to understand spoken English.

Anticipated Challenges and Solutions:

  • Pronunciation difficulties: Use repetition and phonetic aids.
  • Short attention spans: Include interactive and fun activities.
  • Limited vocabulary: Use visual aids and physical objects to aid understanding.

Beginning Activities (4 minutes):

  1. Greeting and Introduction (2 minutes): Greet the class and discuss the learning objectives.
  2. Review Previous Vocabulary (2 minutes): Quick review of colours and numbers learned in previous lessons with flashcards or a short interactive game.

Middle Activities (32 minutes):

  1. Introduction to New Vocabulary (10 minutes):
  2. Show flashcards of the five new vocabulary words.
  3. Pronounce each word clearly and ask students to repeat.
  4. Use actions or sounds (e.g., “meow” for “cat”) to make it engaging.
  5. Storytime (10 minutes):
  6. Read a short story that includes the new vocabulary words.
  7. Show pictures from the storybook to keep students engaged.
  8. Guided Practice (12 minutes):
  9. Hand out worksheets with images and vocabulary words.
  10. Help students match words to pictures and practise writing the words.
  11. Allow students to practise using the words in simple sentences (e.g., “I see a cat”).

End Activities (4 minutes):

  1. Vocabulary Game (2 minutes):
  2. Quick game where students identify vocabulary words from flashcards.
  3. Exit Ticket (2 minutes):
  4. Ask each student to say one new word they learned and use it in a sentence.

Assessment and Checks for Understanding:

  • Oral Participation: During guided practice, listen to students repeat words and sentences.
  • Worksheets: Check students’ ability to match words to pictures and their attempts to write and use words in sentences.
  • Exit Tickets: Evaluate each student’s verbal response.

Differentiation Strategies for Diverse Learners:

  • For struggling students: Provide additional visual aids and one-on-one support.
  • For advanced students: Encourage them to form more complex sentences and assist peers.
  • For EAL (English Additional Language) learners: Use pictures, gestures, and first-language support if available.

Teaching Notes:

  • Engagement: Employ varied teaching strategies such as storytelling, games, and interactive activities to maintain interest.
  • Inclusion: Ensure materials and resources are accessible to all students, including those with disabilities.
  • Relevance: Select vocabulary and stories that are relatable to the students’ everyday lives.

Remember to maintain a positive and encouraging atmosphere, celebrating students’ progress and making them feel confident in using a new language.

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