Grade 1 Mathematics Lesson Plan: Introduction to Money

Lesson Plan Title:

Grade 1 Mathematics Lesson Plan: Introduction to Money

Materials Needed:

  • South African coins (1c, 5c, 10c, 20c, 50c, R1, R2, R5) – real or replicas
  • Play money notes (R10, R20, R50, R100)
  • Worksheets with pictures of coins and notes
  • Interactive whiteboard or projector
  • Chart paper and markers
  • Scissors and glue
  • Digital counting games or apps (optional but recommended)

Learning Objectives:

By the end of this lesson, students should be able to:
1. Identify and name different South African coins and notes.
2. Understand the value of different coins and notes.
3. Begin to count the value of a group of coins.
4. Recognise the real-life application of money in daily transactions.


  1. Coin – A small, flat piece of metal used as money.
  2. Note – Paper money.
  3. Value – The worth of a coin or note.
  4. Money – Anything that is used to buy goods or services.
  5. Cent – A unit of South African currency, 100 cents make up 1 Rand.

Previous Learning:

In Term 1, students have been introduced to basic numbers and counting up to 20. They have also learned simple addition and subtraction, which will help in understanding the concept of money.

Anticipated Challenges and Solutions:

  • Challenge: Difficulty differentiating between coins and their values.
    Solution: Use both visual and tactile activities, such as touching and examining real or replica coins, to reinforce learning.
  • Challenge: Counting mixed coins.
    Solution: Provide step-by-step guided practice with one type of coin before mixing them.

Beginning Activities (4 minutes):

  1. Greet the students and introduce the topic of the lesson: “Today, we will learn about money!”
  2. Show a variety of South African coins and notes using the interactive whiteboard or projector.
  3. Discuss with students where we use money and why it is important in our daily lives.

Middle Activities (32 minutes):

Direct Instruction (10 minutes):
1. Display large images of each coin and note on the board.
2. Teach students the name and value of each coin and note.
3. Show how to count small groups of coins, starting with identical coins (e.g., five 10c coins).

Guided Practice (12 minutes):
1. Split students into small groups and give each group a set of mixed coins.
2. Have each group sort the coins and count their total value with the teacher moving between groups to assist.
3. Use chart paper to write the total value collected by each group.

Independent Practice (10 minutes):
1. Distribute worksheets with pictures of coins and simple problems (e.g., “Circle the coins that add up to 50c”).
2. Let students work individually on their worksheets.
3. Encourage students to use play money notes and coins to solve some of the problems physically.

End Activities (4 minutes):

  1. Ask students to share one thing they learned about money today.
  2. Hand out an exit ticket activity with a simple task, such as drawing lines to match coins to their values or a short quiz.
  3. Collect the exit tickets to assess understanding.

Assessment and Checks for Understanding:

  • Group Activities: Observed sorting and counting coins.
  • Worksheets: Checked for correct identification and counting of coins.
  • Exit Tickets: Briefly reviewed for correct matching of coins to their values.

Differentiation Strategies for Diverse Learners:

  • Struggling Learners: Provide a modified worksheet with fewer and more straightforward problems. Use manipulatives and additional one-to-one support.
  • Advanced Learners: Challenge with more complex counting problems and introduce basic transactions. They can role-play shopkeeper-customer scenarios.

Teaching Notes:

  • Reinforce the real-life application of learning to make it relevant and engaging.
  • Incorporate tactile and visual aids to cater to different learning styles.
  • Use cooperative learning strategies to encourage teamwork and peer support.
  • Ensure accessibility by considering any disabilities and adapting materials accordingly (e.g., large print for visually impaired students).

By making the lesson interactive and practical, students will gain confidence in handling and understanding money, setting the foundation for more advanced financial literacy skills in the future.

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