Grade 1 Mathematics Lesson Plan: Space and Shape (Geometry)

Lesson Plan Title:
Grade 1 Mathematics Lesson Plan: Recognizing 2D Shapes

Materials Needed:
– Coloured paper shapes (circles, squares, triangles, rectangles)
– Flashcards with shape names
– Worksheets with shape sorting activities
– Interactive whiteboard or chart paper
– Scissors, glue, and crayons
– Digital device with shape recognition game (optional)

Learning Objectives:
By the end of the lesson, students will be able to:
1. Identify and name common 2D shapes (circle, square, triangle, rectangle).
2. Describe the characteristics of these shapes (number of sides and corners).
3. Sort objects based on their shapes.

Vocabulary:
1. Circle: A round shape without sides or corners.
2. Square: A shape with four equal sides and four corners.
3. Triangle: A shape with three sides and three corners.
4. Rectangle: A shape with four sides and four corners, with opposite sides being equal.
5. Side: The straight edge of a shape.

Previous Learning:
Students have previously learned about basic shapes in their environment, recognising simple patterns and shapes during play activities.

Anticipated Challenges and Solutions:
Challenge: Students may confuse shapes with similar properties (e.g. squares and rectangles).
Solution: Use clear, varied examples and non-examples and reinforce learning through hands-on activities.
Challenge: Some students might struggle with fine motor skills when cutting and pasting shapes.
Solution: Provide pre-cut shapes for these students or allow peer assistance.

Beginning Activities (4 minutes):
1. Introduction: Greet students and explain that they will learn about different shapes today. Show them a few shape flashcards.
2. Engagement Activity: Sing a simple shape song to grab their attention and introduce the lesson’s focus.

Middle Activities (32 minutes):
1. Direct Instruction (10 minutes):
– Display the 2D shapes on the interactive whiteboard or chart paper.
– Discuss each shape, pointing out the number of sides and corners.
– Use real-life examples to help students connect shapes to their environment (e.g., a clock is a circle, a book is a rectangle).

  1. Guided Practice (10 minutes):
  2. Distribute coloured paper shapes.
  3. Call out a shape name and have students hold up the corresponding shape.
  4. Explore characteristics by counting sides and corners together as a class.

  5. Independent Practice (12 minutes):

  6. Hand out worksheets where students sort and glue shapes into the correct group.
  7. Circulate and provide help, ensuring all students understand the task and are correctly identifying shapes.
  8. Optionally, have students use a digital device to play a shape recognition game for further practice.

End Activities (4 minutes):
1. Exit Ticket Activity:
– Provide a small blank paper to each student and ask them to draw and name one shape they learned.
– Quickly assess drawings to check understanding.

Assessment and Checks for Understanding:
– Observational assessment during guided practice and independent activity.
– Worksheets and exit tickets to evaluate individual student comprehension and ability to recognize shapes.

Differentiation Strategies for Diverse Learners:
Scaffolding: Use larger, more distinct shapes for struggling students and provide additional examples.
Extension: For advanced students, introduce more complex shapes (pentagon, hexagon) or ask them to create a picture using different shapes.

Teaching Notes:
– Reinforce the importance of shapes in everyday life by relating the shapes to common objects around the classroom.
– Promote the use of descriptive language and encourage peer discussion to enhance understanding.
– Prepare additional physical and digital resources to support students who need more practice.
– Be aware of students’ different fine motor skills levels and provide appropriate accommodations like larger shapes or pre-cut materials.
– Ensure all materials are accessible for students with disabilities by providing tactile shapes and considering visual impairments when choosing colours and sizes.


This lesson plan adheres to the CAPS guidelines for Grade 1 Mathematics and focuses on fostering an engaging and supportive learning environment where students can confidently explore and identify 2D shapes.

Leave a Reply

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.