Grade 2 Coding and Robotics Lesson Plan: Robotics

Lesson Plan Title:
Grade 2 Robotics Lesson Plan: Design a Simple Product (Artefact) Based on a Set of Design Specifications

Materials Needed:
– LEGO Education WeDo 2.0 kit
– Tablets or laptops with WeDo 2.0 software installed
– Design specification worksheets
– Chart paper and markers
– Scissors, glue, and colour pencils
– Projector or interactive whiteboard

Learning Objectives:
– Understand and follow a set of design specifications to create a simple product (artefact).
– Develop basic problem-solving and teamwork skills.
– Familiarise with basic coding concepts through LEGO WeDo 2.0 kits.
– Foster creativity and innovation in designing and building.

1. Artefact: A simple product or object made based on design specifications.
2. Design: A plan or drawing produced to show the look and function of something before it is made.
3. Specifications: Detailed descriptions of the design and materials used to make something.
4. Algorithm: A set of instructions for solving a problem or completing a task.
5. Prototype: The first model of something from which other forms are developed or copied.

Previous Learning:
Students have been introduced to basic concepts of robotics and simple coding. They are familiar with connecting and programming basic LEGO WeDo 2.0 models.

Anticipated Challenges and Solutions:
Challenge: Students may find it difficult to follow the design specifications accurately.
Solution: Provide clear, step-by-step instructions and visual aids.
Challenge: Some students might struggle with coding on the WeDo 2.0 software.
Solution: Have peer buddies to assist and offer additional support with simplified examples.

Beginning Activities (4 minutes):
1. Introduction (2 minutes):
– Briefly discuss what a design specification is and why it is important.
– Show an example of a simple artefact designed using LEGO WeDo 2.0.

  1. Engagement Activity (2 minutes):
  2. Ask students to brainstorm and share one thing they have previously built using LEGO or any other construction kit.

Middle Activities (32 minutes):
1. Direct Instruction (10 minutes):
– Explain the design specifications provided on the worksheet.
– Demonstrate how to use the LEGO WeDo 2.0 kits to create the artefact.
– Show a prototype and discuss how to follow the design and coding instructions.

  1. Guided Practice (10 minutes):
  2. Divide students into small groups, each provided with a WeDo 2.0 kit and a tablet/laptop.
  3. Hand out the design specification worksheets.
  4. Walk around to assist groups as they start building and coding their artefact.

  5. Independent Practice (12 minutes):

  6. In their groups, students will complete the design and building of their artefact.
  7. Ensure they write down or draw their design on the chart paper.
  8. Groups will test their artefacts following the design specifications and make adjustments where necessary.

End Activities (4 minutes):
1. Exit Ticket Activity (2 minutes):
– Each group shares what they created, discusses the challenges faced, and how they solved them.
– Collect chart papers with designs for display.

  1. Review Questions (2 minutes):
  2. Ask a couple of questions to review vocabulary and key concepts:
    • “What is an artefact?”
    • “Why do we need design specifications?”

Assessment and Checks for Understanding:
– Observation during guided and independent practice.
– Review of design specification worksheets and group discussions.
– Exit ticket responses and group presentation assessment.

Differentiation Strategies for Diverse Learners:
For Struggling Students: Provide step-by-step visual aids and assign a peer buddy for additional support.
For Advanced Students: Challenge them to add an extra feature to their artefact beyond the basic design specifications.
For EAL Students: Use visual aids and flashcards for vocabulary words, and pair them with a bilingual peer if possible.

Teaching Notes:
– Continuously monitor groups to ensure all students are engaged and understand the task.
– Encourage teamwork and problem-solving within the groups, facilitating discussion and collaboration.
– Ensure all materials are accessible and provide any necessary adaptations for students with disabilities.
– Highlight the value of following a design plan for successful project completion and how this translates to real-world engineering and technology fields.