Grade 2 Mathematics Lesson Plan: Space and Shape (Geometry)

Lesson Plan Title:

Grade 2 Mathematics Lesson Plan: Understanding Symmetry

Materials Needed:

  • A4 paper
  • Scissors
  • Crayons or markers
  • Rulers
  • Mirrors
  • Symmetry worksheets
  • Interactive whiteboard or projector
  • Digital device with geometry app (optional)

Learning Objectives:

By the end of the lesson, learners should be able to:
1. Define symmetry and identify symmetrical shapes.
2. Draw lines of symmetry on various shapes.
3. Create symmetrical designs.


  1. Symmetry: When one half of a shape is a mirror image of the other half.
  2. Line of symmetry: A line that divides a shape into two identical parts.
  3. Mirror: A reflective surface that helps see symmetrical patterns.
  4. Shape: The form of an object, such as a circle, square, or triangle.
  5. Half: One of two equal parts that make up a whole.

Previous Learning:

Students have previously learned about basic shapes, their properties, and how to identify them. They are familiar with concepts such as vertices, edges, and faces of simple geometric shapes.

Anticipated Challenges and Solutions:

  • Challenge: Students may struggle to draw accurate lines of symmetry.
    Solution: Use mirrors to help students visually check their lines.
  • Challenge: Some learners might find it difficult to create symmetrical designs.
    Solution: Provide step-by-step guidance and examples, and use grid paper for easier alignment.

Beginning Activities (4 minutes):

  1. Introduction (2 min): Greet the students and introduce the lesson topic. Explain what symmetry is with simple examples like the human face or a butterfly.
  2. Activate Prior Knowledge (2 min): Ask students to name basic shapes they know and show objects around the classroom that contain these shapes.

Middle Activities (32 minutes):

  1. Direct Instruction (8 min):

    • Use the interactive whiteboard to demonstrate symmetry. Fold an A4 paper in half and cut out a simple shape (like a butterfly or heart) while it’s folded to show symmetry when opened.
    • Show symmetrical drawings and point out the line of symmetry.
  2. Guided Practice (10 min):

    • Distribute A4 paper and mirrors. Have students fold the paper and draw half-shapes. Once unfolded, they should see symmetrical shapes.
    • Use rulers to draw lines of symmetry on various pre-printed shapes on worksheets.
  3. Independent Practice (14 min):

    • Provide students with symmetry worksheets where they must draw lines of symmetry on different shapes.
    • Allow students to use crayons or markers to create their symmetrical designs, using mirrors for guidance.
    • For a digital extension, students can use a geometry app to draw symmetrical patterns.

End Activities (4 minutes):

  1. Exit Ticket Activity (3 min):

    • Distribute index cards. Have students draw a basic shape and then draw its line of symmetry.
    • Collect the cards to assess understanding.
  2. Review and Clean Up (1 min):

    • Briefly review the key points of the lesson. Ensure students have tidied up their work areas.

Assessment and Checks for Understanding:

  • Observations during guided and independent practice.
  • Review the symmetry worksheets and exit tickets to check understanding and accuracy.
  • Ask questions throughout the lesson to gauge understanding and adjust instruction accordingly.

Differentiation Strategies for Diverse Learners:

  • Scaffolding: Pair struggling students with peers for group work. Provide additional manipulatives like symmetry mirrors.
  • Extensions: Challenge advanced learners to find and draw lines of symmetry for more complex shapes or to create more intricate symmetrical designs.
  • Visual Aids: Use visual aids and real-life examples to help EAL students grasp the concept of symmetry.
  • Accessibility: Ensure all materials are accessible, including larger print worksheets and adaptive tools for students with physical disabilities.

Teaching Notes:

Symmetry is a foundational concept in geometry that helps students understand balance and proportion. Use real-life examples to illustrate symmetry (e.g., leaves, animals, architecture) to make the lesson more engaging. Encourage creativity in independent practice by allowing students to choose their symmetrical designs, fostering a deeper connection with the content.

This lesson plan is designed to align with the CAPS curriculum and provides a balanced approach to teaching symmetry through hands-on activities and visual aids, catering to various learning styles and needs.

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