Grade 2 Mathematics Lesson Plan: Understanding Time and Money

Lesson Plan Title:

Grade 2 Mathematics Lesson Plan: Understanding Time and Money

Materials Needed:

  • Wall clock with movable hands
  • Plastic or real coins (South African Rand)
  • Play money notes
  • Worksheets with clock faces and money problems
  • Coloured pencils or markers
  • Smartboard or projector
  • Flashcards with clocks and different times

Learning Objectives:

By the end of the lesson, students should be able to:
– Tell and write the time to the nearest hour and half-hour.
– Recognise and identify South African coins and notes.
– Solve simple addition and subtraction problems involving money.


  1. Hour – A unit of time equal to 60 minutes.
  2. Half-hour – Thirty minutes, or half of an hour.
  3. O’clock – Used to indicate the exact hour.
  4. Rand – The basic unit of money in South Africa.
  5. Coin – A piece of metal used as money.

Previous Learning:

Students have previously learned to count to 100, basic addition and subtraction, and the days of the week.

Anticipated Challenges and Solutions:

  • Difficulty distinguishing between the minute and hour hands on a clock. Solution: Use a wall clock with clearly marked hands and colours.
  • Confusion with similar-looking coins. Solution: Provide hands-on practice with real or plastic coins.
  • Understanding the concept of half-hour. Solution: Demonstrate using the clock and step-by-step examples.

Beginning Activities: (4 minutes)

  1. Introduction to Learning Objectives:
  2. Briefly introduce the objectives of the lesson: telling time to the nearest hour and half-hour, and identifying and using South African money.
  3. Prior Knowledge Activation:
  4. Ask students to share anything they already know about telling time and money. Use flashcards to show different times and money types.

Middle Activities: (32 minutes)

  1. Direct Instruction: (10 minutes)
  2. Demonstrate telling time to the nearest hour and half-hour using the wall clock. Show examples of 1 o’clock, 1:30, etc.
  3. Introduce South African coins and notes. Show different denominations and explain their value.
  4. Guided Practice: (12 minutes)
  5. Distribute worksheets with clock faces showing different times; have students draw the hour and minute hands to match given times.
  6. Hand out play money and coins. Set up a mini-shop where students can practice identifying and counting money to make purchases.
  7. Independent Practice: (10 minutes)
  8. Students complete worksheet problems involving drawing clock hands and solving simple money addition/subtraction problems.
  9. Allow students to practice in pairs, using play money to role-play shopping scenarios.

End Activities: (4 minutes)

  1. Exit Ticket Activity:
  2. Each student completes a small card with one clock face showing a time and amounts of money to solve (e.g., 3 Rand + 2 Rand).

Assessment and Checks for Understanding:

  • Worksheet completion and accuracy.
  • Observation during guided practice activities.
  • Exit ticket cards to check if students can independently tell time and solve money problems.

Differentiation Strategies for Diverse Learners:

  • For learners needing extra help: Provide digital clocks and interactive apps that allow them to manipulate time visually and tactilely.
  • For advanced learners: Provide word problems involving more complex money addition/subtraction and introduce the concept of change.

Teaching Notes:

  • Emphasise the difference between the long hand (minute hand) and short hand (hour hand).
  • Use real-life examples to explain the importance of tell time and handling money.
  • Ensure all materials, including worksheets and play money, are accessible to students with disabilities, using larger print if necessary.

This lesson provides practical and engaging ways for students to understand time and money, laying a foundation for future financial literacy and time management skills.

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