Grade 3 Mathematics Lesson Plan: Patterns, Functions, and Algebra

Lesson Plan Title:
Grade 3 Mathematics Lesson Plan: Extending Geometric Patterns

Materials Needed:
– Whiteboard and markers
– Projector and computer (for displaying examples)
– Pattern blocks or geometric shapes cut-outs
– Graph paper or number lines
– Worksheets with pattern sequences
– Colour pencils

Learning Objectives:
By the end of the lesson, students will be able to:
1. Recognise and extend geometric patterns.
2. Identify the rule governing the pattern.
3. Create their own geometric patterns following a specific rule.

Vocabulary:
1. Pattern: A repeated decorative design or sequence.
2. Sequence: A particular order in which related events or things follow each other.
3. Geometric Shape: A set form consisting of various shapes such as squares, circles, triangles, etc.
4. Rule: The guideline or instruction that determines how the pattern continues.
5. Extend: To make a pattern longer by adding more shapes following a rule.

Previous Learning:
Students have previously worked on identifying simple patterns involving numbers and objects. They have also used some basic geometric shapes and recognised their properties.

Anticipated Challenges and Solutions:
1. Challenge: Students may struggle to identify the underlying rule in complex patterns.
Solution: Start with simple patterns and gradually increase complexity. Offer one-on-one support and use more visual aids.

  1. Challenge: Difficulty in creating their own patterns.
    Solution: Provide structured templates and examples and encourage peer collaboration for idea sharing.

Beginning Activities (4 minutes):
– Greet students and briefly discuss previous lessons on numerical patterns.
– Introduce today’s lesson by explaining that they will be transitioning from numbers to geometric shapes and patterns.

Middle Activities (32 minutes):
1. Introduction to Geometric Patterns (8 minutes):
– Use the projector to display examples of geometric patterns.
– Explain what a geometric pattern is and how to identify the rule of the pattern.
– Demonstrate a simple pattern and show how to extend it by adding more shapes.

  1. Guided Practice (12 minutes):
  2. Distribute pattern blocks or shape cut-outs.
  3. Present a pattern sequence and ask students to extend the pattern using their materials.
  4. Walk around the classroom to provide assistance, ask guiding questions, and check understanding.

  5. Independent Practice (12 minutes):

  6. Provide worksheets with various geometric patterns for students to extend.
  7. Instruct students to complete the worksheet individually.
  8. Encourage students to colour and decorate the extended patterns.

End Activities (4 minutes):
– Ask for volunteers to share their completed patterns with the class and explain the rule they identified.
– Distribute exit tickets with a geometric pattern for students to extend as a quick check for understanding.

Assessment and Checks for Understanding:
– Observation during the guided practice session.
– Completion and accuracy of the worksheet.
– Quality of explanations during volunteer sharing.
– Correctness of exit tickets.

Differentiation Strategies for Diverse Learners:
For learners needing additional support: Provide simpler patterns and one-on-one assistance. Use visual aids and more concrete materials like shape cut-outs.
For advanced learners: Challenge them with more complex patterns and ask them to create and explain their own patterns to the class.

Teaching Notes:
– Ensure the lesson is interactive and engaging by involving as many students as possible in discussions and activities.
– Use clear, colourful visuals to capture students’ interest and aid in understanding.
– Be mindful of students with visual impairments and provide enlarged or tactile shapes if necessary.
– Regularly check in with students to assess their understanding and provide immediate feedback.


This lesson is crafted to be engaging and interactive, helping Grade 3 students grasp geometric patterns effectively. The structure allows ample opportunities for practice while ensuring no student is left behind. If you need adaptations for specific student needs or further details on any section, please let me know!

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