**Lesson Plan Title:**

Grade 5 Mathematics Lesson Plan: Understanding Common Fractions

**Materials Needed:**

- Mathematics textbook (CAPS approved)
- Fraction worksheets
- Coloured fraction circles or fraction strips
- Whiteboard and markers
- Projector and laptop for digital examples
- Scratch paper and pencils
- Scissors and glue (for crafting fraction strips if needed)

**Learning Objectives:**

By the end of the lesson, students should be able to:

- Understand and identify common fractions.
- Compare and order common fractions.
- Represent fractions visually using fraction circles or strips.
- Solve basic problems involving fractions.

**Vocabulary:**

**Fraction**– A part of a whole, expressed as a numerator over a denominator.**Numerator**– The top number in a fraction that indicates how many parts we have.**Denominator**– The bottom number in a fraction that indicates how many equal parts make up a whole.**Equivalent Fractions**– Different fractions that represent the same part of a whole.**Simplify**– To reduce a fraction to its simplest form.

**Previous Learning:**

Students should have learned the basics of division and multiplication, and how to find half, quarter, and three-quarters of whole numbers.

**Anticipated Challenges and Solutions:**

**Challenge:**Students might struggle to visualise fractions.**Solution:**Use concrete visual aids like fraction circles or strips to demonstrate the concept.**Challenge:**Comparing and ordering fractions can be confusing.**Solution:**Provide a step-by-step method and plenty of examples for practice.

**Beginning Activities: (4 minutes)**

**Introduction:**- Greet students and briefly review the previous lesson on division.
- State the lesson objectives.
- Ask students a question to recall prior knowledge, e.g., “Who can tell me what a half of something means?”

**Middle Activities: (32 minutes)**

**Direct Instruction: (10 minutes)**- Explain what a fraction is using visual aids.
- Demonstrate how to write fractions (numerator/denominator).
- Show examples of common fractions (1/2, 1/3, 1/4, 3/4).
**Guided Practice: (10 minutes)**- Hand out fraction worksheets with fraction circles.
- Guide the class through a comparison activity using the visual aids.
- Work on simplifying fractions with step-by-step examples on the whiteboard.
**Independent Practice: (12 minutes)**- Students use fraction strips/circles to illustrate given fractions.
- Complete a worksheet with problems related to comparing and ordering fractions.
- Encourage students to simplify common fractions.

**End Activities: (4 minutes)**

**Exit Ticket Activity:**- Provide students with a short quiz on fractions (3-4 questions) to measure understanding.
- Ask students to write one thing they found easy and one thing they found challenging about fractions today.

**Assessment and Checks for Understanding:**

- Observation during guided practice.
- Assessment of independent practice worksheets.
- Evaluation of exit ticket responses to gauge understanding.

**Differentiation Strategies for Diverse Learners:**

**For Struggling Students:**- Use extra visual aids and hands-on activities.
- Provide one-on-one support during independent practice.
**For Advanced Students:**- Introduce more complex fraction problems (e.g., fractions greater than one).
- Challenge them to find equivalent fractions and perform fraction addition/subtraction.

**Teaching Notes:**

- Ensure all visual aids are clear and accessible.
- Circulate the room to provide support and check for understanding during independent practice.
- Consider pairing students for peer support.
- Incorporate technology if available (interactive fraction simulating tools).

This lesson plan provides structure and clarity to help students understand and work with common fractions effectively.