Grade R Coding and Robotics Lesson Plan: Coding

Lesson Plan Title:

Grade R Coding and Robotics Lesson Plan: Recognising and Interpreting Patterns in Symbolic Sets of Data or Visualisations

Materials Needed:

  • Colourful pattern cards (pictures of sequences of shapes, colours, or objects)
  • Interactive whiteboard or projector
  • Digital device with access to a basic pattern recognition game (tablet or computer)
  • Worksheets with pattern activities
  • Coloured markers or crayons
  • Stickers and visual aids

Learning Objectives:

  1. Students will be able to recognise simple patterns in visual and symbolic sets.
  2. Students will be able to describe and continue a given pattern.
  3. Students will build foundational skills for coding through pattern recognition and sequencing.


  1. Pattern – A repeating sequence of objects, shapes, or colours.
  2. Sequence – A specific order in which events, movements, or items follow each other.
  3. Symbol – A mark or character used to represent something else.
  4. Data – Information collected in the form of numbers, words, or patterns.
  5. Visualisation – A way of creating pictures to represent data or ideas.

Previous Learning:

Students have previously been introduced to basic shapes and colours. They have practised recognising and naming these shapes and colours through various matching and sorting activities.

Anticipated Challenges and Solutions:

  • Challenge: Students may find it difficult to identify and continue complex patterns.
  • Solution: Start with simple patterns and gradually increase complexity. Provide concrete examples and use hands-on activities.
  • Challenge: Some students may struggle with attention and focus.
  • Solution: Use engaging and interactive methods, and provide breaks if needed.

Beginning Activities (10% – 4 minutes):

  • Introduction (2 minutes):
  • Greet the class and briefly review shapes and colours.
  • Introduce the lesson objectives using simple language and visual aids.
  • Activating Prior Knowledge (2 minutes):
  • Show a simple pattern (e.g., red, blue, red, blue) using visual aids.
  • Ask students to identify and describe what they see.

Middle Activities (80% – 32 minutes):

  • Direct Instruction and Guided Practice (16 minutes):
  • Use the interactive whiteboard or projector to display various patterns.
  • Demonstrate how to identify the sequence in a pattern.
  • Engage students by asking them to come up to the board to continue the patterns.
  • Introduce an interactive pattern recognition game on the tablet or computer. Allow students to take turns recognising and completing patterns digitally.

  • Independent Practice (10 minutes):

  • Provide worksheets with different pattern activities (e.g., extending sequences, colouring patterns, and matching patterns).
  • Distribute coloured markers or crayons and encourage students to complete the activities independently.

  • Group Activity (6 minutes):

  • Divide students into small groups.
  • Give each group a set of colourful pattern cards to arrange and continue the patterns as a team.
  • Walk around to provide assistance and ensure all groups are engaged.

End Activities (10% – 4 minutes):

  • Exit Ticket Activity (4 minutes):
  • Hand out stickers and a small piece of paper to each student.
  • Ask students to draw or describe the next item in a given pattern.
  • Collect the papers as an assessment of their understanding.

Assessment and Checks for Understanding:

  • Observe students during the interactive board activity and guided practice.
  • Review completed worksheets.
  • Gather exit tickets to assess individual understanding.
  • Monitor group activities for collaborative understanding and peer learning.

Differentiation Strategies for Diverse Learners:

  • For students needing extra support: Provide one-on-one assistance, use simpler patterns, and allow more time for completion. Use tactile materials like pattern blocks.
  • For advanced students: Introduce more complex patterns or ask them to create their own patterns to challenge their understanding.

Teaching Notes:

  • Emphasise visual and hands-on learning to maintain engagement.
  • Use positive reinforcement to encourage participation.
  • Incorporate breaks if students are losing focus.
  • Ensure all digital resources are accessible and provide alternatives for students with disabilities (e.g., tactile tools for visual impairments).

Accessibility Considerations:
– Provide large-print worksheets and pattern cards for students with visual impairments.
– Ensure the interactive game has audio instructions for non-readers or those with visual impairments.

This lesson plan provides a comprehensive approach to helping Grade R students recognise and interpret patterns, laying the foundation for coding and logical thinking skills.