Grade R Life Skills Lesson Plan: Understanding Plants and Seeds

Lesson Plan Title:

Grade R Life Skills Lesson Plan: Understanding Plants and Seeds

Materials Needed:

  • A variety of seeds (e.g., sunflower, beans, corn)
  • Small pots or plastic cups
  • Soil
  • Watering can or spray bottle
  • Chart paper and markers
  • Picture books about plants
  • Digital projector and computer for showing videos/pictures of plants and seeds

Learning Objectives:

By the end of this lesson, students will be able to:
1. Identify and name different types of seeds.
2. Understand that seeds grow into plants.
3. Recognise the basic needs of plants (water, light, soil).
4. Plant a seed and know how to take care of it.

Vocabulary:

  1. Seed – The small part of a plant that can grow into a new plant.
  2. Plant – A living thing that grows in soil and has leaves and roots.
  3. Soil – The brown or black stuff in the ground that plants grow in.
  4. Water – A liquid that plants need to grow.
  5. Light – Bright natural energy from the sun that helps plants grow.

Previous Learning:

Students have previously learned about different parts of a plant (roots, stem, leaves), with some basic understanding of how plants need air, light, and space to grow.

Anticipated Challenges and Solutions:

  1. Handling Seeds: Students may have difficulty handling small seeds.
  2. Solution: Provide larger seeds (e.g., sunflower) that are easier to handle first, then introduce smaller seeds.
  3. Understanding Growth Needs: Students may have trouble remembering what plants need to grow.
  4. Solution: Use repetitive and engaging songs or chants about plant needs to reinforce memory.

Beginning Activities (4 minutes):

  1. Introduction:
  2. Briefly discuss the day’s objectives.
  3. Ask students what they know about seeds and plants.
  4. Activate Prior Knowledge:
  5. Show a picture of a plant and ask students to name its parts.

Middle Activities (32 minutes):

  1. Direct Instruction (10 minutes):
  2. Show different seeds and let students feel and examine them.
  3. Explain that seeds grow into plants and what plants need to grow.
  4. Guided Practice (10 minutes):
  5. Demonstrate how to plant a seed in soil using a pot or cup.
  6. Go over the steps: put soil in the pot, place the seed in the soil, cover the seed with soil, and water it.
  7. Have students plant their seeds.
  8. Independent Practice (10 minutes):
  9. Let each student plant their own seeds in small pots or plastic cups.
  10. Supervise and assist as needed, ensuring each seed is planted correctly.
  11. Interactive Video/Story (2 minutes):
  12. Show a short, engaging video or read a picture book about the life cycle of a plant.

End Activities (4 minutes):

  1. Consolidation:
  2. Recap what plants need to grow (soil, water, light).
  3. Sing a short song or chant about plant needs.
  4. Exit Ticket:
  5. Ask each student to draw a picture of their planted seed and what it will look like when it grows into a plant.
  6. Collect drawings to assess their understanding.

Assessment and Checks for Understanding:

  • Observing students as they plant their seeds.
  • Collecting and reviewing exit ticket drawings.
  • Asking questions throughout the lesson to gauge understanding.

Differentiation Strategies for Diverse Learners:

  • Scaffolding: Provide additional visuals and hands-on support for students who need more guidance.
  • Extension Activities: For advanced students, introduce the concept of different conditions needed for different plants (e.g., some plants needing more water or sunlight than others).

Teaching Notes:

  • Emphasise the importance of hands-on learning and engagement.
  • Be patient and give students plenty of encouragement as they plant their seeds.
  • Consider pairing students up to foster teamwork and peer support.
  • Ensure your materials are accessible and easy to handle for students with physical limitations.

Accessibility Considerations:

  • Use big, clear visuals and simple language for students with learning difficulties.
  • Provide tactile feedback by allowing students to touch and feel the seeds and soil.
  • Ensure pathways are clear and table heights are suitable for students in wheelchairs.

By the end of this lesson, students should have a basic understanding of how seeds grow into plants and how to care for their own planted seeds. Engaging, hands-on activities will help solidify this foundational knowledge.

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