Grade R Mathematics Lesson Plan: Basic Numeracy Skills

Lesson Plan Title:

Grade R Mathematics Lesson Plan: Basic Numeracy Skills

Materials Needed:

  • Number cards (1-10)
  • Counting objects (like beads, buttons, or blocks)
  • Chalkboard and chalk or whiteboard and markers
  • Printable numeracy worksheets
  • Flashcards with pictures representing quantities
  • Audio-visual aid (short counting video)

Learning Objectives:

By the end of this lesson, students should be able to:
1. Recognise and correctly identify numbers 1 to 10.
2. Count objects up to 10 with accuracy.
3. Match quantities to their corresponding numerals.
4. Develop an understanding of basic number concepts and sequencing.
5. Improve fine motor skills through object manipulation and worksheet activities.


  1. Number – A symbol used to count or label.
  2. Count – Saying numbers in order while assigning them to objects.
  3. Quantity – The amount or number of something.
  4. Sequence – The order in which numbers follow each other.
  5. Object – A material thing that can be seen and touched.

Previous Learning:

Students have been introduced to the concept of numbers through songs and everyday activities. They have practised counting in an informal setting through play and routine tasks.

Anticipated Challenges and Solutions:

  1. Challenge: Some students may struggle with recognising numbers.
  2. Solution: Use large, colourful number cards and interactive activities to maintain interest.
  3. Challenge: Difficulty in counting objects accurately.
  4. Solution: Provide guided practice with tangible objects to enhance comprehension.
  5. Challenge: Short attention spans.
  6. Solution: Incorporate short, varied activities including songs, videos, and physical movement.

Beginning Activities (10% – 4 minutes):

  1. Introduction: Gather students in a circle and introduce the day’s objectives. Use a short, engaging counting song to grab attention and activate prior knowledge.
  2. Activities: Show number cards 1-10 one by one and say the number out loud. Students repeat after the teacher.

Middle Activities (80% – 32 minutes):

  1. Direct Instruction (10 minutes):
  2. Display number cards and ask students to count along as you place counting objects under each card.
  3. Show a short video that demonstrates counting from 1-10 with visual aids.
  4. Guided Practice (12 minutes):
  5. Distribute counting objects to each student. Demonstrate counting 5 objects and ask students to do the same.
  6. Use flashcards with pictures and ask students to match them to the correct number cards.
  7. Independent Practice (10 minutes):
  8. Hand out worksheets where students trace numbers 1-10 and colour objects representing these numbers.
  9. Monitor the students’ work, providing assistance and encouragement.

End Activities (10% – 4 minutes):

  1. Exit Ticket Activity: Show a number card and ask students to pick the correct number of objects that match the card.
  2. Closing: Recap the lesson by asking volunteers to count objects out loud. Praise their efforts and briefly introduce what will be covered in the next lesson.

Assessment and Checks for Understanding:

  • Observe students during counting and matching activities.
  • Evaluate students’ worksheets for accuracy in number tracing and quantity matching.
  • Use the exit ticket activity to gauge individual understanding.

Differentiation Strategies for Diverse Learners:

  1. For Learners Needing Extra Support:
  2. Offer additional one-on-one guidance during counting activities.
  3. Use larger objects that are easier to manipulate and count.
  4. For Advanced Learners:
  5. Provide extension activities, such as sequencing numbers beyond ten or simple addition exercises.

Teaching Notes:

  • The purpose of this lesson is to build a strong foundation in basic numeracy, essential for future maths learning.
  • Ensure all students feel included by using positive reinforcement.
  • Consider students with disabilities by providing tactile objects, large print materials, and ensuring accessibility in all resources used.
  • Keep the lesson dynamic with varied activities to maintain engagement.

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