Grade R Mathematics Lesson Plan: Data Handling

Lesson Plan Title:

Grade R Mathematics Lesson Plan: Collecting Data

Materials Needed:

  • Picture cards of different fruits (apple, banana, orange, grapes)
  • Chart paper
  • Coloured markers
  • Stickers
  • Worksheets for drawing or attaching stickers
  • Interactive whiteboard or chart for demonstration

Learning Objectives:

By the end of the lesson, students will be able to:
1. Understand the concept of data collection.
2. Collect simple data based on preferences.
3. Sort and classify data into categories.
4. Represent data visually using charts.


  1. Data: Information collected about something.
  2. Collect: To gather together.
  3. Sort: To arrange into groups.
  4. Chart: A visual display of information.
  5. Category: A group of things that are similar.

Previous Learning:

Students have previously learned about different types of fruits and how to identify them by colour and shape. They have also had introductory experiences with grouping objects by different attributes.

Anticipated Challenges and Solutions:

  • Understanding the concept of data: Simplify explanations and use concrete examples.
  • Short attention spans: Keep activities engaging and varied.
  • Difficulty in categorizing: Use visual aids and conduct guided practice.

Beginning Activities (10% of time):

(Duration: 4 minutes)
1. Greet the students and briefly discuss the different types of fruits they have learned about.
2. Explain the day’s objective: “Today we are going to learn how to collect information about our favourite fruits!”
3. Ask students to think about their favourite fruit.

Middle Activities (80% of time):

(Duration: 32 minutes)

  1. Story Time and Discussion (8 minutes):
    Read a short story where characters collect data about their favourite fruits. After reading, discuss the story and relate it to the day’s activity.

  2. Group Activity: Data Collection (10 minutes):

  3. Show students picture cards of different fruits.
  4. Ask each student to choose their favourite fruit and come up to the front to stick a picture of that fruit on the chart paper.
  5. As students place their stickers, count and record the number of each type of fruit together.

  6. Sorting and Classifying (6 minutes):

  7. Help students sort the picture cards into groups based on fruits.
  8. Discuss with the students why it’s useful to sort and categorize things.

  9. Creating a Fruit Chart (8 minutes):

  10. Demonstrate how to convert the collected data into a simple chart on the interactive whiteboard or using chart paper.
  11. Create the chart together, discussing the number of each type of fruit.

End Activities (10% of time):

(Duration: 4 minutes)
1. Exit Ticket Activity: Hand out worksheets where students draw their favourite fruit and write the number of votes it got according to the class chart.
2. Review and Recap: Ask a few students to share their worksheets and explain what they have drawn and their vote tally.

Assessment and Checks for Understanding:

  • Observational assessment during the sticker placing and chart creation activities.
  • Review of completed worksheets to check for understanding of data collection and representation.

Differentiation Strategies for Diverse Learners:

  • Visual Learners: Use picture cards and bright colours for activities.
  • Kinesthetic Learners: Encourage movement by having students come up and place stickers.
  • Auditory Learners: Include a discussion and storytelling component.
  • Students with Special Needs: Provide extra assistance and modify activities as needed, such as using larger picture cards or providing one-on-one guidance.

Teaching Notes:

  • Emphasise hands-on activities and use plenty of visual aids to maintain engagement.
  • Be patient and ready to repeat explanations using different examples or simpler language.
  • Ensure all students feel included and valued during activities, especially when sharing their favourite fruits.
  • Offer praise and encouragement to build confidence in their data handling skills.
  • Be mindful of accessibility, ensuring that all students can participate and understand the materials used.

This lesson will introduce the fundamentals of data handling in an engaging and interactive manner, laying a solid foundation for more complex data-related concepts in future grades.

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