Grade R Mathematics Lesson Plan: Introduction to Numeracy

Lesson Plan Title:

Grade R Mathematics Lesson Plan: Introduction to Numeracy (Term 3)

Materials Needed:

  • Number flashcards (1-10)
  • Counting beads or counters
  • Large chart paper and markers
  • Interactive whiteboard or projector (if available)
  • Digital counting games (apps or online resources)
  • Worksheets with number tracing and basic counting activities

Learning Objectives:

  • Students will be able to recognise numbers 1-10.
  • Students will be able to count objects up to 10.
  • Students will be able to identify and write numbers 1-10.


  1. Number: A symbol used to count or show quantity.
  2. Count: To say numbers in order.
  3. More: A number or quantity greater than another.
  4. Less: A number or quantity smaller than another.
  5. Same: Identical in number or quantity.

Previous Learning:

Students have previously engaged in activities around number recognition (1-5), basic counting, and understanding that numbers have an order.

Anticipated Challenges and Solutions:

  • Challenge: Students might confuse number recognition with quantity.
  • Solution: Use visual aids like flashcards with pictures to help link numbers to quantities.
  • Challenge: Fine motor skills for writing numbers.
  • Solution: Provide tracing exercises and ensure ample practice with a range of motor skills activities like using counters.

Beginning Activities (4 minutes):

  1. Introduction:
  2. Begin with a short song or rhyme about numbers 1-10.
  3. Briefly explain the day’s objectives: recognising, counting and writing numbers 1-10.
  4. Review numbers 1-5 with flashcards.

Middle Activities (32 minutes):

  1. Direct Instruction (8 minutes):
  2. Show number flashcards (1-10) one by one, say each number aloud, and have students repeat after you.
  3. Demonstrate counting objects (beads or counters) up to 10, relating each count to the written number.

  4. Guided Practice (12 minutes):

  5. Use a large chart paper and marker to write numbers 1-10. Call students to the front to practice writing the numbers on the chart.
  6. Distribute counting beads or counters to pairs. Each pair counts objects up to 10 together. Walk around to assist and correct.

  7. Independent Practice (12 minutes):

  8. Hand out worksheets with activities such as tracing numbers 1-10 and matching numbers to pictures of objects.
  9. Have students complete the worksheet individually while you circulate to provide help.
  10. For early finishers, offer digital counting games on tablets or computers.

End Activities (4 minutes):

  1. Exit Ticket:
  2. Ask students to come forward one at a time and show a number with their fingers while saying it aloud.
  3. Briefly review the numbers by showing flashcards and having students call out the numbers.

Assessment and Checks for Understanding:

  • Observation during guided and independent practice.
  • Completed worksheets.
  • Exit ticket activity (showing and saying numbers with fingers).

Differentiation Strategies for Diverse Learners:

  • For learners needing extra support:
  • Provide additional visual aids.
  • Use manipulatives like counting beads to make abstract concepts concrete.
  • Offer one-on-one support during independent activities.
  • For advanced learners:
  • Introduce simple addition using the numbers 1-10.
  • Provide more challenging worksheets that involve counting objects in a set and writing corresponding numbers.

Teaching Notes:

  • Numerical understanding is foundational; ensure that the lesson is engaging and not rushed.
  • Reinforce that numbers represent quantity by associating real-world objects and examples.
  • Utilise songs, stories, and games to make learning fun and memorable.

Accessibility Considerations:

  • Ensure that all materials are accessible, including larger print on flashcards and worksheets.
  • If using technology, provide touch-based options for students with limited fine motor skills.
  • Use multilingual support if there are students whose first language is not English.

This structured lesson plan ensures a balanced approach to teaching Grade R students about numeracy, catering to various learning needs and keeping engagement levels high.

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