Grade R Mathematics Lesson Plan: Measurement

Lesson Plan Title:

Grade R Mathematics Lesson Plan: Understanding Time

Materials Needed:

  • Wall clock with movable hands
  • Small individual clocks for students (could be paper clock templates)
  • Storybook illustrating daily activities and showing time
  • Flashcards with pictures of daily activities (e.g., waking up, eating breakfast, going to bed)
  • Worksheet with clock faces and matching activities
  • Craft supplies (colour pencils, scissors)
  • Digital projector (for presenting storybook or interactive clock activities)

Learning Objectives:

  • Understand the concept of time in relation to daily activities.
  • Recognise and name the different parts of the day: morning, afternoon, evening, and night.
  • Learn to tell the time to the hour using analogue clocks.
  • Relate time to activities students do every day.


  1. Morning – The part of the day from sunrise until noon.
  2. Afternoon – The part of the day from noon until evening.
  3. Evening – The part of the day from late afternoon until night.
  4. Night – The time when it is dark and most people sleep.
  5. Clock – A device used to tell time.

Previous Learning:

Students have previously learned about routines and sequences in their daily lives and can identify basic daily activities they perform.

Anticipated Challenges and Solutions:

  • Challenge: Students may have difficulty understanding the abstract concept of time.
  • Solution: Use concrete examples and real-life connections to explain time, such as their daily routines.
  • Challenge: Some students may struggle with manipulating clock hands.
  • Solution: Provide hands-on practice with paper clock templates.

Beginning Activities (4 minutes):

  1. Introduction to Learning Objectives: Briefly explain that today’s lesson is about learning how to tell the time and understanding different parts of the day.
  2. Activate Prior Knowledge: Show flashcards with pictures of everyday activities and ask students what time of day they do these activities (e.g., “When do you wake up?”). Encourage a few responses from the students.

Middle Activities (32 minutes):

  1. Direct Instruction (10 minutes):
  2. Use the wall clock to show the students how the hands move and explain the hour hand and minute hand.
  3. Demonstrate times for key parts of the day (e.g., 7:00 am for waking up, 12:00 pm for lunchtime).

  4. Guided Practice (12 minutes):

  5. Read a storybook that shows daily activities and times, pausing to show the corresponding time on the wall clock.
  6. Have students practise showing these times on their individual paper clocks as you read.

  7. Independent Practice (10 minutes):

  8. Distribute worksheets with clock faces and pictures. Students will draw the hands on the clocks to match the times of the activities shown (e.g., drawing hands to show 8:00 am for a picture of breakfast).

End Activities (4 minutes):

  1. Exit Ticket Activity:
  2. Ask students to draw a picture of one daily activity and show the time they do it by drawing hands on a clock face.

Assessment and Checks for Understanding:

  • Beginning Activities: Observe student responses to flashcards to assess prior knowledge.
  • Guided Practice: Monitor students’ ability to show times on their individual clocks during the story reading.
  • Independent Practice: Evaluate the completed worksheets for accuracy in showing times and matching activities.
  • Exit Ticket: Review students’ drawings and clock faces to check their understanding.

Differentiation Strategies for Diverse Learners:

  • Scaffolding: Provide additional visual aids, such as a time-of-day chart or a timeline of daily activities.
  • Extensions: For advanced learners, introduce half-past times (e.g., 7:30) and additional activities.
  • Support: Work closely with struggling students or assign peer buddies to help with manipulating clock hands.

Teaching Notes:

  • The lesson is designed to be engaging and interactive, using hands-on activities to make the abstract concept of time more concrete.
  • Ensure all materials are accessible, including large print for visually impaired students or interactive clock apps for those who benefit from digital tools.
  • Emphasise the connection between time and students’ real-life experiences to enhance relatability and understanding.

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