A Guide to Coding and Robotics Lesson Plans for Senior Phase Students

In the rapidly evolving technological landscape, educators have a crucial role in preparing students for the future. Integrating coding and robotics into senior phase lesson plans can be an invaluable means to achieve this. Here, we delve into tips for developing these lesson plans and provide an example to get you started.

Laying the Foundation

  1. Start with the Basics: It’s imperative to lay a solid foundation by introducing fundamental computer science concepts, such as algorithms, data structures, and programming languages.
  2. Selecting the Right Tools: Utilize tools that are conducive to your teaching style and students’ needs. Popular choices include Scratch for coding, and Arduino and Raspberry Pi for robotics.
  3. Engagement through Fun: Keep students captivated by incorporating games, puzzles, and challenges. The learning process should be as enjoyable as it is informative.
  4. Promote Problem Solving: Coding and robotics are inherently about solving problems. Design lesson plans that provide ample opportunities for students to practice and enhance problem-solving skills.
  5. Individual Attention: Recognize that students learn at different paces. Allocate time for one-on-one sessions to cater to individual learning curves.
  6. Harness Online Resources: Supplement lesson plans with the plethora of online resources available. These can offer fresh perspectives and innovative ideas.

Example Lesson Plan

Lesson Objective: Students will learn to create simple animations using Scratch.

Materials Needed:

  • Computers with Scratch installed
  • Whiteboard or projector
  • Markers or pens


  1. Introduce Scratch as a programming language tailored for creating interactive stories, games, and animations.
  2. Guide students through setting up a new project in Scratch.
  3. Demonstrate using various blocks in Scratch to craft a simple animation.
  4. Encourage students to form pairs or small groups to create their own animations.
  5. Allocate time for students to showcase their creations to the class.

Assess students based on their ability to create a basic animation using Scratch.


  • For struggling students, offer additional support such as templates or personalized assistance.
  • For advanced students, introduce challenges like crafting more intricate animations or incorporating audio elements.


  • Encourage students to explore other programming languages and compare them with Scratch.
  • Task students to design a complex animation, such as a game or story.
  • Introduce adding audio elements to enhance their animations.

By integrating coding and robotics in senior phase curriculums, we not only equip students with practical skills but also foster critical thinking and creativity. Through well-crafted lesson plans, educators have the power to shape inquisitive minds ready to thrive in the ever-changing technological domain.