Grade R Home Language Lesson Plan: Understanding the Concept of “Today”

Lesson Plan Title:
Grade R Home Language Lesson Plan: Understanding the Concept of “Today”

Materials Needed:
– Storybook featuring a simple story about daily activities (e.g., “Today is Monday” by Eric Carle)
– Flashcards with various parts of the day (morning, afternoon, evening, night)
– Picture cards depicting common daily activities (brushing teeth, eating breakfast, playing, reading a book, going to bed)
– Whiteboard and markers
– Coloured crayons and drawing paper
– A calendar

Learning Objectives:
– Students will understand the meaning of the word “today”.
– Students will be able to identify and sequence common events that happen during the day.
– Students will use the word “today” in simple sentences to describe their activities.

Vocabulary:
1. Today – This day; the day we are talking about right now.
2. Morning – The first part of the day, after night and before afternoon.
3. Afternoon – The part of the day that comes after the morning and before the evening.
4. Evening – The latter part of the day and early part of the night.
5. Night – The dark part of the day when the sun is not in the sky.

Previous Learning:
Previously, students learned about the days of the week, focusing on recognising and naming each day. They also explored the concept of time related to their daily routine, such as what they do in the morning and at night.

Anticipated Challenges and Solutions:
Challenge: Students may confuse “today” with other time-related terms like “yesterday” and “tomorrow”.
Solution: Use visual aids like a calendar and storybooks that provide clear context. Reinforce the concept through repetitive, simple activities.
Challenge: Some students may struggle to sequence activities.
Solution: Provide additional support by using picture cards and ensuring activities are discussed in a logical order.

Beginning Activities (4 minutes):
1. Greeting and Warm-up: Begin with a friendly greeting and a brief discussion about the students’ daily routines to activate prior knowledge.
2. Introduction of Learning Objectives: Explain that today we will learn about the word “today” and the things we do on this day.

Middle Activities (32 minutes):
1. Story Time (10 minutes): Read “Today is Monday” by Eric Carle or a similar book. Pause frequently to ask questions and engage students in discussing the daily activities mentioned in the story.
2. Discussion (5 minutes): Use the picture cards and flashcards to discuss different parts of the day. Ask students to describe what they typically do in the morning, afternoon, evening, and night.
3. Sequencing Activity (10 minutes): Hand out picture cards of daily activities. In small groups, have students work together to place the cards in the correct daily sequence: morning to night.
4. Sentence Construction (7 minutes): On the whiteboard, write simple sentences using the word “today” (e.g. “Today I brushed my teeth in the morning.”). Have students create their sentences orally or via a drawing activity, illustrating and describing what they did today using crayons and paper.

End Activities (4 minutes):
1. Exit Ticket Activity: Ask each student to say one thing they did today and when it happened (e.g., “Today I played in the afternoon.”). This checks their understanding of “today” and sequencing.

Assessment and Checks for Understanding:
– Verbal responses during storytime and discussion.
– Observation of students’ ability to sequence activity cards correctly.
– Creation of sentences and corresponding drawings reflecting their understanding of the concept of “today”.

Differentiation Strategies for Diverse Learners:
– For students who need more support, provide them with additional one-on-one guidance during the sequencing activity.
– For advanced learners, challenge them to use more complex sentences, describing multiple activities throughout the day.
– Use visual aids and physical gestures frequently to support students with auditory processing difficulties or those who are English Language Learners.

Teaching Notes:
– Emphasise repetition and consistent use of the word “today” throughout the lesson to solidify understanding.
– Adapt the complexity of questions and tasks based on individual student needs.
– Incorporate short breaks if necessary to maintain attention and engagement.

Accessibility Considerations:
– Ensure all students can see and interact with picture and flashcards.
– Provide oversized picture cards and drawing materials for students who may have fine motor skill challenges.
– Offer auditory support for visually impaired learners by clearly describing all visual materials and activities.

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