Grade R Shapes and Colours Lesson Plan: Life Skills

Lesson Plan Title:

Grade R Life Skills Lesson Plan: Shapes and Colours

Materials Needed:

  • Colourful shape cut-outs (circle, square, triangle, rectangle)
  • Flashcards with shapes and colours
  • Large poster or chart paper
  • Crayons, markers, and coloured pencils
  • A picture book featuring various shapes and colours
  • Small objects of various shapes and colours (blocks, toys, etc.)
  • Digital projector with shape and colour slides (optional)

Learning Objectives:

  1. Identify and name basic shapes (circle, square, triangle, rectangle).
  2. Identify and name basic colours (red, blue, green, yellow).
  3. Match shapes to their corresponding names and colours.
  4. Recognise the presence of shapes and colours in their environment.


  1. Circle – A round shape with no corners.
  2. Square – A shape with four equal sides and four corners.
  3. Triangle – A shape with three sides and three corners.
  4. Rectangle – A shape with four sides where opposite sides are equal.
  5. Colours – Red, blue, green, yellow (each with a simple definition).

Previous Learning:

Students have previously learned about different objects in their environment. They may recognise some basic shapes and colours but have not yet formally identified them.

Anticipated Challenges and Solutions:

  • Challenge: Difficulty distinguishing between similar shapes (e.g., square and rectangle).
  • Solution: Use real-world examples and hands-on activities to reinforce differences.
  • Challenge: Confusing colours.
  • Solution: Consistent practice and repetition using colourful visual aids.

Beginning Activities (4 minutes):

  1. Introduction: Greet students and introduce the lesson topic.
  2. Engage: Show a brightly coloured picture book with various shapes and colours. Ask students to name any shapes or colours they see.

Middle Activities (32 minutes):

  1. Direct Instruction (10 minutes):
  2. Use flashcards to show each shape and colour.
  3. Name each shape and colour and ask students to repeat after you.
  4. Relate shapes to everyday objects (e.g., a circle is like a clock, a square is like a window).

  5. Guided Practice (15 minutes):

  6. Distribute shape cut-outs and ask students to identify each one.
  7. Group activity: Create a large chart paper with sections for each shape. Let students place their cut-outs in the correct section.
  8. Play a matching game with flashcards—match shapes to their names and colours.

  9. Independent Practice (7 minutes):

  10. Hand out worksheets with shapes and colours for students to colour in correctly.
  11. Provide small objects of various shapes and colours for free play and exploration. Encourage students to name the shapes and colours they see.

End Activities (4 minutes):

  1. Review: Recap the shapes and colours learned. Use flashcards for a quick review.
  2. Exit Ticket: Ask each student to pick a shape and colour. Have them name it before leaving the classroom.

Assessment and Checks for Understanding:

  • Observation during guided and independent practice.
  • Responses during the review and exit ticket activity.
  • Completed worksheets.

Differentiation Strategies for Diverse Learners:

  • For students needing extra help: Provide additional one-on-one support during activities. Use simplified and larger visuals.
  • For advanced students: Introduce more complex shapes (e.g., hexagon) and secondary colours (purple, orange).

Teaching Notes:

  • Purpose: Developing shape and colour recognition is foundational for early childhood education. This lesson supports cognitive and visual development.
  • Tips: Keep activities interactive and engaging to maintain student interest. Incorporate songs or rhymes about shapes and colours.
  • Accessibility: Ensure materials are within reach for all students, including those with physical disabilities. Use tactile and multi-sensory resources for students with visual impairments.

Educational Value:

This lesson helps students develop visual discrimination, categorisation, and verbal skills. It lays the groundwork for mathematical concepts and enhances their observation of the world around them.

Ensure to approach the lesson with enthusiasm and patience, making learning fun through play and exploration.

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