LEGO Coding: Exploring the World of Educational Play

LEGO coding combines the creativity of LEGO building with the intellectual challenge of coding to provide a unique and engaging educational experience for both children and adults. This innovative approach to learning sparks interest in the ever-growing field of computer science. It encourages the development of cognitive skills, problem-solving abilities, and a strong foundation in logical thinking.

Utilizing the versatility of LEGO bricks, LEGO coding sets often include intuitive visual programming platforms and a variety of sensors, motors, and other components that can be easily integrated with your LEGO creations. Learners can delve into the programming world by designing and constructing their robots, machines, and devices and gradually acquire essential coding knowledge and skills.

Through hands-on, engaging activities, LEGO coding has the potential to transform traditional classroom environments into creative, interactive spaces where learners can thrive. As a result, this popular educational tool fosters a deeper understanding of computational thinking concepts and maintains learners’ interest, ultimately preparing them for the ever-evolving technological landscape.

Understanding LEGO Coding

Indeed, LEGO coding has gained popularity as an innovative and educational tool for children. LEGO coding combines the beloved LEGO building blocks with coding concepts, enabling kids to learn programming principles while having fun. With a range of products and platforms available, understanding LEGO coding becomes essential for parents and educators looking to introduce this resource to children.

Primarily, LEGO coding uses a visual programming language that simplifies common coding concepts for children. Children can create sequences and execute tasks by moving and connecting blocks together. This approach encourages problem-solving skills while keeping it engaging and easy to understand.

LEGO offers several coding products, with some notable ones being:

  • LEGO BOOST: Designed for children aged seven and up, it combines building with motors and sensors. The accompanying app features a drag-and-drop coding interface that helps children bring their creations to life.
  • LEGO MINDSTORMS Robot Inventor: Catering to kids aged ten and up, MINDSTORMS allows them to create, code, and personalize complex robots. It’s compatible with various coding software, including Scratch and Python.

Incorporating LEGO coding into the learning process has a multitude of benefits, such as:

  • Developing critical thinking skills: Kids enhance their logical thinking abilities by constructing sequences and problem-solving.
  • Improving creativity: The combination of building and coding offers endless possibilities for children to express their ideas.
  • Gaining confidence: As kids successfully create and execute their codes, they develop a strong sense of accomplishment and confidence in their abilities.

In terms of specific learning outcomes, LEGO coding teaches children the following concepts:

SequencingOrganizing instructions to achieve a specific goal or perform a task
LoopsRepeating a set of actions multiple times until a certain condition is met
Conditional logicMaking decisions based on specific criteria, typically using ‘if-then’ logic
VariablesStoring and changing data throughout a program
Arrays and listsOrganizing and storing multiple pieces of data in an orderly fashion

There’s no doubt that LEGO coding provides a valuable and enjoyable learning experience for children. By familiarizing themselves with coding concepts in a tactile and relatable way, young learners build a strong foundation for understanding more advanced programming languages in the future.

Popular LEGO Coding Sets

LEGO coding, also referred to as LEGO robotics or LEGO programming, has gained immense popularity recently as an engaging and interactive way for children to learn and develop coding skills. Various LEGO coding sets cater to different age groups and learning levels, ensuring something for everyone. This section delves into the most popular LEGO coding sets available.

First and foremost, the LEGO Education WeDo 2.0 Core Set is a favourite for children between 7 and 12. The set comes with various building elements, sensors, and a motor that can be used to build different models. It also includes software with over 40 projects targeting science, technology, engineering, and math (STEM) concepts. The set allows students to express their creativity and experiment with different coding techniques while fostering collaboration and critical thinking skills.

Another popular set, the LEGO BOOST Creative Toolbox, is designed for kids aged seven and up. It’s an all-in-one set with five multifunctional models, including a robot, a guitar, and a cat. The LEGO BOOST app, compatible with selected tablets and smartphones, provides a user-friendly coding environment with simple drag-and-drop code blocks. It’s an excellent option for those new to coding, especially with its step-by-step instructions and progressive difficulty levels.

LEGO Boost

For kids ten or older, the LEGO MINDSTORMS EV3 is an advanced set with advanced features catering to more experienced LEGO coders. The set contains over 600 pieces, including sensors, a programmable brick, motors, and many more components. Furthermore, the LEGO MINDSTORMS EV3 software enables more complex programming with various languages like Python and C++. The EV3 set is often on many wish lists and remains a top choice for budding robotic enthusiasts.

LEGO Minstorm

In addition to these popular sets, LEGO has introduced other coding sets that have garnered attention:

  • LEGO Education SPIKE Prime Set: Designed for middle school students, this set combines LEGO Technic and System elements to create engaging and challenging projects.
  • LEGO DOTS: While not a typical coding set, LEGO DOTS introduces patterns and designs to children, building their understanding of digital design and pixel art concepts.

In a nutshell, LEGO coding sets have become an effective and amusing means of encouraging kids to discover and hone their programming skills. These sets strongly focus on STEM education, simultaneously blending imagination, creativity, and problem-solving abilities.

LEGO Spike

Educational Benefits of LEGO Coding

LEGO coding offers numerous educational benefits for children and adults alike. It’s a unique approach to teaching coding and programming concepts using LEGO bricks and digital tools. By merging the entertainment element of LEGO with the essential coding skills, it encourages the development of various abilities and competencies.

  1. Enhanced Problem-Solving Skills: LEGO coding tasks often require learners to solve problems using logic and critical thinking creatively. While assembling pieces or debugging code, users develop problem-solving abilities that make them resilient in facing challenges.
  2. Improved Computational Thinking: Computational thinking is a process that involves breaking down complex tasks into more straightforward steps, devising algorithms, and iterating through solutions. LEGO coding promotes the stills essential to computational thinking by offering hands-on experiences in designing and assembling projects.
  3. Develops Creativity and Imagination: The versatility of LEGO bricks offers endless possibilities for expressing ideas and designs. Combining these with coding enables children to see their creations come to life as they program their models to perform actions, fostering their artistic and imaginative abilities.
  4. Teamwork and Collaboration: LEGO coding projects often involve working with others to achieve a common goal. Collaborating with peers encourages cooperation, communication, and understanding others’ perspectives.
  5. Boosts STEM Learning: LEGO coding projects help promote STEM (science, technology, engineering, and mathematics) education by incorporating elements from each field. It breaks down the barriers between subjects, resulting in a well-rounded learning experience.

Some additional benefits of LEGO coding include the following:

  • Self-confidence: As learners successfully build and program their LEGO models, they gain a sense of accomplishment that boosts their self-confidence.
  • Patience and Persistence: Debugging and refining code can be challenging, but dedicating energy helps learners develop patience and persistence.
  • Fun Learning Environment: LEGO coding keeps learners engaged and motivated, enriching the learning process.

Overall, LEGO coding provides a unique opportunity for individuals to develop essential life skills while engaging in a fun, hands-on learning experience. Teachers and parents can incorporate LEGO coding into their curriculum or extracurricular activities, creating a stimulating learning environment for all.

Age-Appropriate LEGO Coding Activities

LEGO coding offers an exciting way to introduce kids to programming concepts, allowing them to use familiar and entertaining LEGO bricks for creative expression. Age-appropriate activities cater to various skill levels, ensuring a rewarding learning experience for all. We’ll discuss some activities for different age groups to maximize the benefits of LEGO coding.

Ages 4 to 6: LEGO Education Coding Express

For young children aged 4 to 6, the LEGO Education Coding Express is an ideal choice. This activity encourages kids to experiment with simple coding concepts, enabling them to:

  • Control a train’s movement
  • Change the train’s direction, speed, and sounds
  • Build tracks with various obstacles and navigation options
  • Apply problem-solving skills to overcome challenges

The Coding Express incorporates intuitive coloured bricks and an easy-to-use app to help children develop foundational coding and sequencing abilities.

LEGO Education Coding Express

Ages 7 to 12: LEGO Boost Creative Toolbox

The LEGO Boost Creative Toolbox is perfect for kids aged 7 to 12. This versatile coding activity consists of over 840 LEGO pieces, empowering kids to:

  • Build five different robots with unique features
  • Program their robots to perform tasks such as playing instruments or navigating mazes
  • Use the LEGO Boost app with an instructional guide to building and code
  • Explore advanced concepts like loops, conditional statements, and variables

This toolbox aids in honing children’s programming and problem-solving skills while keeping them engaged.

Ages 12 and up: LEGO Mindstorms EV3

For kids aged 12 and above, the LEGO Mindstorms EV3 robotics kit offers more advanced coding activities for a compelling learning experience. With this kit, they can:

  • Create customizable robots using 601 LEGO Technic pieces
  • Write programs to control motors, navigate complex tasks, and use various sensors
  • Utilize pre-programmed modes for autonomous robots, or integrate their code through EV3 browser-based software
  • Experiment with advanced programming concepts like sensor feedback and autonomous decision-making

The LEGO Mindstorms EV3 caters to a deeper understanding of coding and reflects real-world applications of robotics.

To summarise, LEGO provides diverse coding activities for different age groups, making learning programming accessible and enjoyable. Through hands-on activities, kids acquire valuable skills that can serve as a foundation for further exploration of coding concepts and their applications.

Incorporating LEGO Coding in the Classroom

Teachers increasingly incorporate LEGO coding into their classrooms to engage students in hands-on learning experiences. It’s an effective way to nurture problem-solving, creativity, collaboration, and coding skills. Here’s how you can integrate LEGO coding into your educational environment.

When first implementing it, focus on familiarizing students with LEGO coding. This can be achieved by:

  • Introducing basic coding concepts using LEGO blocks
  • Providing students with step-by-step guidance to build simple structures
  • Offering opportunities for experimentation and adjustments
Building LEGO robots in class

To help students grasp coding fundamentals, use various LEGO coding kits and resources. Some popular ones include:

  • LEGO Education SPIKE Prime Set
  • LEGO Education WeDo 2.0 Core Set
  • LEGO Mindstorms EV3

Subsequently, establish lesson plans that align LEGO coding activities with curriculum objectives. For instance, teachers can:

  • Adapt existing lesson plans to include LEGO coding components
  • Explore LEGO Education resources for specific activities

As students become more comfortable with LEGO coding, you can challenge them by assigning project-based learning tasks. Examples include:

  • Designing and building robots to perform specific tasks
  • Creating automated machines for real-world uses, such as sorting or moving objects

It’s essential to provide support and encouragement to students throughout their LEGO coding journey. Helpful strategies include:

  • Fostering a supportive learning environment by celebrating small victories
  • Providing extra guidance for students who may find the tasks challenging
  • Encouraging teamwork and collaboration for improved outcomes

Consider incorporating peer and self-assessment in the learning process to encourage ownership and reflection. Students can evaluate their work or their classmates’ projects using specific criteria, such as:

  • Functionality of their creations
  • Creativity and innovation in their designs
  • Collaboration and communication skills
CriteriaScore 1Score 2Score 3Score 4

By integrating LEGO coding into the classroom, educators can create engaging and innovative learning experiences for students that foster a passion for coding and STEAM education. The hands-on nature of LEGO coding encourages creativity, problem-solving skills, and collaboration, equipping students with critical skills for success in the digital age.


Throughout this article, it’s apparent that LEGO coding presents a unique and engaging way for children to learn programming concepts. With innovative tools like LEGO Mindstorms and LEGO BOOST, kids can develop their coding skills and explore the exciting world of robotics. Here’s a recap of what we’ve learned:

  • LEGO coding provides a hands-on learning experience that encourages critical thinking and problem-solving capabilities.
  • LEGO Mindstorms and LEGO BOOST are popular products that allow children to build and code their robots.
  • Research suggests that LEGO coding can have numerous long-term benefits, including better performance in academic subjects and improved cognitive skills.

In a world where technology continues to evolve rapidly, it’s crucial to equip the next generation with essential programming skills. LEGO coding is an excellent starting point for youngsters to become well-versed in these abilities. Furthermore, using familiar LEGO bricks can make learning more enjoyable and less intimidating for children.

With the continuous advancement of technology in the future, new LEGO coding products and resources will likely become available. These advancements will give kids more opportunities to dive deeper into the programming and robotics world. By embracing these tools and encouraging children to explore LEGO coding, parents and educators play an essential role in fostering a love for learning and curiosity in their young minds.