Will Coding and Robotics Be Taught in South Africa?

As technology advances, educational institutions adapt their curriculums to ensure students gain the skills required for the future. One country at the forefront of this change is South Africa, where the government has announced plans to introduce coding and robotics as new subjects in schools.

The Department of Basic Education has been working on finalising the curriculum for both coding and robotics, aiming to integrate these subjects into the national educational system effectively. This development comes after a successful pilot programme and is expected to be implemented in the 2023 school curriculum, targeting younger grades in particular.

However, with the lack of qualified teachers in these fields, the government plans to collaborate with higher education institutions to train educators and ensure the successful implementation of the new subjects. This approach aims to equip South African students with the skills and knowledge to succeed in an increasingly technology-focused world.

Government Initiatives and Plans

Policies and Frameworks

To enhance the education system, the South African Department of Education is working towards integrating coding and robotics into the country’s curriculum. Focused on preparing students for the digital future, the department plans to introduce coding and robotics for Grades R to 3 and Grade 7 in 2023, with full-scale implementation for Grades 4 to 6 and Grade 8 in 2024, followed by the Grade 9s in 2025.

CAPS Coding and Robotics Curriculum

As part of the national roll-out of the new Coding and Robotics Curriculum, the Department of Basic Education has drafted a comprehensive plan to ensure its successful implementation. The draft curriculum has been submitted to Umalusi, a quality assurance body, for evaluation and will soon be gazetted. The CAPS (Curriculum and Assessment Policy Statements) Coding and Robotics Curriculum aims to equip South African students with the necessary skills to adapt to the rapidly evolving digital landscape.

Collaborations and Partnerships

Collaboration and partnerships with various stakeholders are essential to implement robotics and coding in the South African curriculum effectively. The national roll-out will involve the Department of Basic Education and government agencies, universities, private sector companies, and non-profit organisations. Through this collaborative approach, South Africa aims to foster a vibrant ecosystem that promotes innovation, creativity, and problem-solving skills among the learners.

Challenges and Opportunities

Infrastructure and Resources

One of the significant challenges in implementing coding and robotics education in South Africa is the lack of infrastructure and resources in many schools. With nearly 16,000 schools without computer labs, it is vital to address this issue to ensure access to necessary technology for all students.

Despite the challenges, opportunities exist to improve access to technology and material resources for coding and robotics. Collaboration between educational institutions, governmental organisations, and private sectors can lead to the provision of the required infrastructure and resources.

Teacher Training and Development

Training and developing teachers is crucial to implement coding and robotics curriculums successfully. In the past, providing technological equipment, such as tablets or laptops, was ineffective due to the lack of teacher training.

Collaboration with universities and other educational institutions can help provide necessary training and support for teachers, ensuring they can effectively deliver coding and robotics lessons.

Socioeconomic Factors

The socioeconomic realities in South Africa add another layer of complexity to the implementation of coding and robotics education. Some schools may have limited resources and face challenges, such as financial constraints, outdated facilities, and a lack of qualified teaching staff.

Addressing these socioeconomic factors is paramount in ensuring all students have access to quality education in coding and robotics. Providing financial support to underprivileged schools, updating their facilities, and hiring experienced professionals can help bridge the gap and enable a more inclusive educational landscape in South Africa.

Case Studies and Success Stories

Coding and Robotics in South African Schools

South Africa has taken the necessary steps to introduce coding and robotics into their educational system. In 2020, a pilot programme was launched in 1,000 schools across five provinces, training teachers in coding and teaching the subject to students.

Basic Education Minister Angie Motshekga has called for amendments to the curriculum to aid in the widespread implementation of these subjects. The government is committed to introducing a new coding and robotics curriculum at South African schools by 2023, with plans to pilot the programme after this date.

Impact on Students and Communities

While it is still early to assess the full impact of coding and robotics education in South African schools, the potential benefits are promising. By integrating digital skills into the existing curriculum, schools can better equip students for the modern workplace and emerging technologies.

There is also the potential for a broader impact on the communities. With an increased emphasis on digital skills, students can gain valuable knowledge and expertise, which can contribute to developing the country’s economy and technology sector.


As South African schools prepare to integrate coding and robotics into their curriculum, several key factors must be addressed to ensure the success of this transition. According to Stuff, the Department of Basic Education has confirmed that it will soon implement coding and robotics as a new school subject, with plans for their introduction being finalised.

Learning from past curriculum changes, South Africa understands the importance of a well-planned and gradual implementation process. This includes devising an accurate curriculum, training educators effectively, and providing ample resources for schools to adapt to these new subjects. The successful addition of coding and robotics to South Africa’s educational landscape will equip students with essential future job skills and contribute to the country’s growing tech industry.

In summary, South African schools are well on their way to teaching coding and robotics. While the path to implementation is challenging, a careful and well-executed plan will ensure that students benefit from this essential modern skill set. As a result, South Africa will pave the way for more technologically skilled youth, better equipped to face the challenges of the digital age.