Homeschooling in South Africa: Pros and Cons to Consider

Homeschooling in South Africa has been a controversial topic in recent years, with many families choosing this alternative form of education over traditional schooling. The reasons for this educational choice vary, from religious beliefs to dissatisfaction with the current school system.

Homeschooling involves parents taking on the responsibility of educating their children at home instead of sending them to a traditional school. The homeschooling movement has gained popularity in South Africa, with an estimated 100,000 children being homeschooled. Homeschooling offers parents the flexibility to tailor their child’s education to their specific needs, interests and abilities.

However, homeschooling in South Africa is not without its challenges. Unlike traditional schools, homeschooling families are not provided with any funding or support from the government. Parents who homeschool their children must source their own educational material, plan their own lessons and ensure their children remain up to date with the latest curriculum requirements. Additionally, homeschooling parents must ensure their children receive the necessary socialization opportunities, which can be a challenge for those living in remote or isolated areas.

The History of Homeschooling in South Africa

Homeschooling in South Africa has been an option for parents seeking an alternative to traditional schooling since the early 1990s. Until 1994, homeschooling was not recognized by the government and was therefore illegal. However, after the apartheid era ended, the new government recognized homeschooling as a legal and valid form of education.

In 1996, the government issued a policy document titled “Guidelines for Home Education” which established the legal framework for homeschooling in South Africa. Since then, homeschooling has grown in popularity in the country, with many parents opting to teach their children at home for various reasons such as religious or cultural beliefs, alternative teaching methods, and flexibility.

According to a report by the South African Homeschooling Academy, the number of homeschoolers in South Africa has been increasing steadily over the years, and as of 2021, it is estimated that there are around 100,000 homeschoolers in the country.

One notable case that brought homeschooling into the spotlight in South Africa was the 2007 court case of Le Roux v Dey. In this case, the High Court ruled that parents have the right to homeschool their children if they are able to provide an education equivalent to that of a public school.

In recent years, there have been some concerns regarding homeschooling in South Africa, with some critics arguing that homeschooled children may not receive a well-rounded education and may miss out on socialization opportunities. However, many homeschooling families and supporters argue that homeschooled children actually have more opportunities for socialization and can receive a personalized education tailored to their individual needs.

Overall, homeschooling in South Africa has a rich history spanning over 30 years since its legalization. As it continues to grow in popularity, it remains a viable and legal alternative form of education for parents seeking more flexibility and control over their children’s’ education.

YearNumber of Homeschoolers

In South Africa, homeschooling is recognized as an alternative form of education by the government since 1996. However, there are specific legal requirements that parents or guardians must meet to homeschool their children.

Registering with the Department of Basic Education

Parents or guardians must register with the Department of Basic Education before starting homeschooling. The registration process ensures that the parents meet the requirements to homeschool their children and follow a suitable curriculum.

The registration requirements include:

  • Completing an application form with the Department of Basic Education
  • Providing a comprehensive curriculum that covers the same content as those in public schools
  • Submitting a detailed timetable for the academic year
  • Aims, objectives, and goals of the educational program

Assessment and Monitoring

Registered homeschooling programs are subject to regular assessments and monitoring by the Home Education Unit of the Department of Basic Education. Regular assessments are aimed to evaluate the progress of the student and ensure that the curriculum is being implemented correctly. Parents are required to submit evidence of their child’s work, including assignments, tests, and exams.

Timetable and Attendance Record

Parents must keep a detailed timetable and attendance record of their children’s activities. The timetable must include all subjects taught, activities, and assessments. The attendance record must be completed and kept up to date and show the child’s attendance during the academic year.

Homeschooling Associations

Homeschooling families are encouraged to join homeschooling associations. These associations provide support, resources, and networking opportunities for homeschoolers. Some of the homeschooling associations in South Africa include the Pestalozzi Trust, The Learning Centre, and Association for Homeschooling.


Homeschooling in South Africa provides an alternative form of education for children whose parents prefer to be directly involved in their education. However, homeschooling in South Africa is subject to specific legal requirements to provide quality education. Parents or guardians must meet these requirements to avoid any legal issues and ensure their child’s education is meaningful and fruitful.

Choosing the Right Curriculum for Homeschooling in South Africa

When it comes to homeschooling in South Africa, choosing the right curriculum can be a daunting task. There are a variety of curriculums available, each with their own approach and materials, making it vital for parents to research and evaluate their options before making a decision.

Here are some important factors to consider when selecting a curriculum for homeschooling in South Africa:

In South Africa, homeschooling is legal, but parents must register with the Department of Education and adhere to certain guidelines. It is crucial to choose a curriculum that is recognized by the department and meets their requirements to ensure that your child’s education is recognized and accredited.

2. Learning Style

Every child is unique and has their own learning style. Some children may thrive with a structured and rigorous curriculum, while others may need a more flexible and creative approach. It is essential to consider your child’s learning style and preferences when selecting a curriculum to ensure that they will be engaged and motivated to learn.

3. Availability and Affordability

Some curriculums may not be readily available in South Africa or may be too expensive for some families. It is important to research and compare the costs and availability of different curriculums to find one that fits your budget and is accessible in your area.

4. Quality and Effectiveness

Ultimately, the quality and effectiveness of the curriculum should be the primary focus. Look for a curriculum that has a proven track record of success, is up-to-date, and provides comprehensive learning materials. Consider reading reviews and testimonials from other homeschooling parents for their feedback and recommendations.

By carefully considering these factors, parents can make an informed decision when selecting a curriculum for homeschooling in South Africa. It is important to remember that choosing the right curriculum is just one aspect of a successful homeschooling experience, and parents should also prioritize creating a supportive and stimulating learning environment for their child.

Pros and Cons of Homeschooling in South Africa

Homeschooling in South Africa has become increasingly popular over the years, with many families opting to educate their children at home. It offers a unique style of education that can be tailored to meet the needs of each individual child. However, there are also some potential drawbacks to consider before making the decision to homeschool.


  • Flexibility: Homeschooling in South Africa allows families to have more control over their schedules. Parents can tailor the curriculum to the child’s individual interests and their family’s lifestyle.
  • Individualised attention: Homeschooling permits a one-on-one learning experience and provides children with personalized attention from their parents, allowing for more focused and individualized instruction.
  • Safety and security: Homeschooling reduces the risk of exposure to negative influences such as bullying, drugs, and other negative influences that can be found in a traditional school setting.
  • Religious beliefs: Homeschooling allows families to incorporate their religious beliefs into their daily education and allows for a faith-based education system.


  • Expense: Homeschooling requires resources such as textbooks, equipment, and curricula, which can become expensive over time. It can also limit the parent’s ability to work outside the home, which may place a financial burden on the family.
  • Limited social interaction: Students who homeschool may not have as much interaction with their peers or other adults, leading to a potentially more isolated and less diverse educational experience.
  • Parental pressure: Homeschooling puts a significant amount of pressure on the parent who teaches their child. They may feel stressed or overwhelmed by the responsibility of providing an education for their child.
  • Limited resources and expertise: Homeschooling parents may not have access to the same resources and expertise as traditional schools, and may struggle to teach certain subjects effectively.

In summary, homeschooling in South Africa offers many benefits such as flexibility and individualized attention, but it also has potential drawbacks such as limited resources and social interaction. Families should weigh these factors carefully before deciding whether or not to homeschool their children.

Resources for Homeschooling in South Africa

In recent years, homeschooling has gained popularity in South Africa as an alternative to traditional schooling. Parents and caregivers who choose to homeschool need to have access to resources that can help them provide a high-quality education to their children. Fortunately, there are many resources available in South Africa for homeschooling families.

1. Curriculum Providers

There are many curriculum providers in South Africa that cater specifically to homeschoolers. These providers offer a variety of curriculums and resources that cater to different learning styles, grade levels, and subjects. Some popular curriculum providers include Impaq, Brainline, and Clonard Distance Education.

2. Online Learning Platforms

Online learning platforms have become increasingly popular due to the convenience and flexibility they offer. These platforms provide access to online courses, interactive resources, and virtual classrooms. Some online learning platforms available in South Africa include Vodacom e-school, Mindset, and Khan Academy.

3. Homeschooling Associations

Homeschooling associations can provide valuable support and resources to homeschooling families. These associations organize events, workshops, and conferences for homeschoolers. They also provide information on legal requirements, curriculum options, and other topics related to homeschooling. Some of the most popular homeschooling associations in South Africa include the Pestalozzi Trust and the Association for Homeschooling.

4. Libraries and Museums

Libraries and museums can be excellent resources for homeschooling families. They offer access to books, educational materials, and other resources that can supplement homeschool curriculums. Many libraries and museums in South Africa also offer educational programmes and workshops for children of different ages.

5. Homeschooling Blogs

Homeschooling blogs can provide a wealth of information, advice, and support to homeschooling families. Many homeschooling bloggers share their experiences, tips, and resources on their blogs. Some popular homeschooling blogs in South Africa include Homeschooling Hubbub, Homeschooling SA, and Homeschooling Curriculum Guide.

In summary, there are many resources available in South Africa for homeschooling families. Curriculum providers, online learning platforms, homeschooling associations, libraries and museums, and homeschooling blogs are all valuable resources that can assist parents and caregivers in providing a high-quality education to their children.

How to Create a Homeschooling Schedule in South Africa

Creating a homeschooling schedule can be a daunting task, but with some careful planning and consideration, it can be done effectively. Here are some tips on how to create a homeschooling schedule in South Africa:

Determine Your Child’s Learning Style

Firstly, it is important to understand your child’s learning style. Some children may learn better through visual aids, while others may benefit from written or verbal instructions. By understanding your child’s learning style, you can tailor your homeschooling schedule to suit their individual needs.

Define Your Goals and Objectives

Once you have determined your child’s learning style, it’s time to define your goals and objectives for homeschooling. Keep in mind the requirements set by the Department of Basic Education in South Africa if you plan to move your child back to a traditional school in the future. Your goals and objectives should be specific, measurable, achievable, relevant, and time-based (SMART).

Decide on a Curriculum

After defining your goals and objectives, it’s time to decide on a curriculum that aligns with them. South Africa has a wide variety of homeschooling curriculum options to choose from, ranging from online programs to textbooks and workbooks. It’s recommended to choose a curriculum that aligns with your child’s interests, learning style, and your goals and objectives.

Decide on the Time and Duration of Lessons

The next step is to decide on the time and duration of your homeschooling lessons. Since you’re homeschooling, you have the freedom to choose when and for how long to conduct lessons. It’s important to consider your child’s attention span and your own schedule when deciding on the duration of your lessons.

Organize Your Lessons into a Schedule

Once you have all the pieces in place, it’s time to organize your lessons into a schedule. You can create a daily, weekly, or monthly schedule, whichever works best for you and your child. Be sure to include breaks, physical activities, and time for self-study in your schedule.

Monitor Your Child’s Progress

Finally, it’s essential to monitor your child’s progress regularly. You can use assessments, quizzes, and tests to measure your child’s understanding of the material covered. Regularly monitoring your child’s progress can help you adjust your homeschooling schedule if necessary.

In conclusion, creating a homeschooling schedule in South Africa requires careful consideration of your child’s learning style, your goals and objectives, a chosen curriculum, time and duration for lessons, and organization. By following these tips, you can create an effective homeschooling schedule for your child that will support their individual needs, interests, and academic goals.

Support Networks for Homeschooling Families in South Africa

Homeschooling in South Africa has become a growing trend, with many families choosing to teach their children at home for a variety of reasons. However, it can be a lonely and isolating experience without the support and guidance of other homeschooling families. Fortunately, there are several support networks available for homeschooling families in South Africa.

Association for Homeschooling South Africa (AHSA)

AHSA is a non-profit organization that offers support and guidance to homeschooling families in South Africa. They provide resources such as curriculum advice, legal support, and networking opportunities. AHSA also hosts an annual convention where homeschooling families can come together, attend workshops and talks, and meet other families.

Homeschooling South Africa

Homeschooling South Africa is an online community of homeschooling families. The website provides information on homeschooling laws, curriculum resources, and support groups in different regions of South Africa. The forum is a place where homeschooling families can connect, share ideas, and ask for advice.

Local Support Groups

Many local support groups have been formed by homeschooling families in South Africa. These groups offer opportunities for homeschooling families to meet regularly, share ideas and resources, and organize field trips and activities. These groups can also provide emotional support and a sense of community for families who may feel isolated or alone.

Online Communities

There are several online communities for homeschooling families in South Africa. These communities provide a platform for families to ask questions, seek advice, and share their homeschooling experiences. Members of the online communities can connect with other families from all over South Africa, regardless of their geographical location.

In conclusion, support networks are vital for homeschooling families in South Africa. These networks provide resources, guidance, and a sense of community for families who may feel isolated or alone. By connecting with other homeschooling families, parents can learn from each other, share resources, and provide much-needed support.

Homeschooling High School in South Africa

Homeschooling in South Africa is on the rise, with increasing numbers of parents choosing to homeschool their children in high school. Homeschooling offers parents and students the opportunity to design a tailored curriculum that fits the student’s learning style and interests. In this section, we will explore the process of homeschooling high school in South Africa.


The curriculum for homeschooling high school in South Africa can be customized to suit the student’s needs and interests. However, the curriculum must comply with the Department of Basic Education’s requirements. Homeschooling parents can choose from an array of curriculum options, from online courses to textbooks, and even create their own curriculum. It is essential to ensure that the curricula chosen meet the requirements for tertiary education in South Africa.


Homeschooled high school students in South Africa must comply with the National Qualifications Framework (NQF). The NQF recognizes homeschooling as a legitimate option for education, as long as the student meets the accreditation requirements. In South Africa, the matriculation examination is the only recognized qualification for tertiary education. Thus, it is crucial to ensure that your homeschooled student meets the accreditation requirements for the matriculation examination.

Extracurricular Activities

One of the concerns parents have when considering homeschooling their children is the lack of opportunities for socialization and extracurricular activities. However, homeschooled students in South Africa can participate in extracurricular activities, such as sports teams, drama clubs, and even attend mainstream schools for specific classes. Homeschooled students can also participate in various activities organized by homeschooling organizations.


Homeschooling high school in South Africa can be both affordable and expensive, depending on the curriculum, resources, and services selected. Parents can choose to use free or low-cost resources, such as online courses or textbooks, or opt for expensive resources, such as private tutors or specialized textbooks. The cost of homeschooling high school in South Africa can vary from around R6,000 to R20,000 per year.

In conclusion, homeschooling high school in South Africa offers parents and students the opportunity to design a tailored curriculum, meet NQF accreditation requirements, participate in extracurricular activities, and customize the cost. With proper planning and resources, homeschooled students in South Africa can achieve academic success, leading to a fulfilling career and brighter future.

Alternative Education Options in South Africa

South Africa has a vibrant education sector with multiple options available to parents who opt for alternative forms of education for their children. These options are varied and cater to children with different learning styles, abilities, and interests.


Homeschooling is becoming more popular in South Africa, and the number of homeschooling families is on the rise. The government recognises homeschooling as a legitimate form of education, provided that certain criteria are met. Homeschooling allows for a customized education experience that is tailored to the child’s individual needs.


Montessori is a child-centred approach to education that was developed by Maria Montessori in the early 20th century. In South Africa, there are a number of Montessori schools, which offer a unique learning environment that focuses on the development of the whole child. Montessori schools tend to have mixed-age groups, with children of different ages learning together.


Waldorf education is an alternative form of education that was developed by Rudolf Steiner in the early 20th century. Waldorf schools are known for their arts-based curriculum, which aims to instill a love of learning and creativity in children. Waldorf schools have a holistic approach to education, focusing on the development of the child’s mind, body, and spirit.

International schools

International schools are becoming more common in South Africa, particularly in major cities like Johannesburg and Cape Town. These schools offer a curriculum that is recognized internationally, which can be a great option for families who move around a lot or have a particular interest in global citizenship. International schools tend to have a diverse student body, with children from all over the world.

Special needs schools

Special needs schools are beginning to be more popular in South Africa, and they offer an alternative form of education for children who have specific learning needs. These schools have trained professionals who are able to work with children who have disabilities or learning difficulties.

Education options in South AfricaNumber of schools
International schools300
Special needs schools100

Overall, South Africa has a wide range of alternative education options available to parents. Each option caters to different needs, and parents should take the time to research and find the best fit for their child. Whether it’s homeschooling, Montessori, Waldorf, international schools, or special needs schools, there is an option out there for every child.


In conclusion, homeschooling in South Africa is a growing phenomenon that presents an alternative form of education for families who want to take control of their children’s education. Based on the research conducted, it is evident that homeschooling allows for a more personalized approach to learning than what is traditional schooling offers. Furthermore, homeschooling has been shown to foster better relationships between parents and children.

However, homeschooling is not for everyone, and it requires a significant commitment from parents. Parents acting as teachers will need to acquire the necessary knowledge and resources to teach their children effectively, which can be a daunting task. Additionally, homeschooling does not offer the socialization opportunities that traditional schooling provides.

Despite these challenges, there are over 100,000 homeschooled learners in South Africa, and the numbers are growing every year. As more parents learn about the benefits of homeschooling and the resources available, it is expected that homeschooling will continue to grow in popularity.

To sum up, homeschooling in South Africa offers an alternative form of education that focuses on personalized learning and stronger relationships between parents and children. It can be challenging, but the benefits can outweigh the challenges for those who are committed to the process.